Like a Prayer est le quatrième album studio de l'auteur-compositeur-interprète américaine Madonna, sorti le 21 mars 1989 chez Sire Records, trois ans après son précédent album studio. Madonna a travaillé avec Stephen Bray, Patrick Leonard et son ami Prince sur l'album, tout en coécrivant et coproduisant toutes les chansons. Like a Prayer est l'album le plus introspectif de Madonna à l'époque et a été décrit comme un disque confessionnel. Elle a décrit l'album comme une collection de chansons "sur ma mère, mon père et les liens avec ma famille". L'album est dédié à sa mère, décédée lorsque Madonna était jeune.
L'album utilise des instruments live et incorpore des éléments de dance, de funk, de gospel et de soul dans un style pop plus général. Madonna s'est inspirée de son éducation catholique, comme le montre le titre de l'album et le premier single "Like a Prayer". Les paroles abordent des thèmes de l'enfance et de l'adolescence de Madonna, comme la mort de sa mère dans "Promise to Try", l'importance de la famille dans "Keep It Together", et sa relation avec son père dans "Oh Father". Madonna prêche également l'émancipation féminine dans "Express Yourself". À sa sortie, Like a Prayer a été largement salué par la critique musicale. Rolling Stone l'a qualifié de "...aussi proche de l'art que la musique pop peut l'être".
Commercialement, Like a Prayer est devenu un succès international comme ses prédécesseurs, atteignant le sommet des charts dans de nombreux territoires. L'album a été certifié quadruple disque de platine aux États-Unis par la Recording Industry Association of America. Six singles ont été extraits de l'album : "Like a Prayer, Express Yourself, Cherish, Oh Father, Dear Jessie et Keep It Together. "Like a Prayer" est devenu le septième numéro un de Madonna au Billboard Hot 100, tandis que "Express Yourself" et "Cherish" ont atteint la deuxième place. L'album s'est vendu à plus de 15 millions d'exemplaires dans le monde.
Avec les vidéos musicales qui accompagnent les singles, Madonna a approfondi sa créativité et s'est fait connaître comme une figure de proue de ce format. Le clip de "Like a Prayer" a suscité une controverse religieuse en utilisant une iconographie catholique telle que des stigmates et des croix en feu, ainsi qu'un rêve où elle fait l'amour à un saint, ce qui a conduit le Vatican à condamner le clip et Pepsi à annuler le contrat de sponsoring de Madonna. "Express Yourself" est le clip le plus cher jamais réalisé à l'époque. L'album a précédé la tournée mondiale Blond Ambition de Madonna. À la fin des années 1980, après la sortie de Like a Prayer, Madonna a été nommée "artiste de la décennie" par des médias tels que Billboard, MTV et le magazine Musician.
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Madonna’s spectacular fourth album revealed just how grand, artistic, and personal a pop star could be at the very height of her fame.
Read the reviews of Madonna’s blockbuster 1989 album Like a Prayer and you’ll see a lot of confession-related imagery—not because of how her career had been steeped in Catholicism, but because of the narratives surrounding the superstar as she geared up to release her fourth album. She tried to act on screen in Who’s That Girl and on stage in David Mamet’s Speed-the-Plow; she turned 30; her tabloid-dominating marriage to bad-boy actor Sean Penn had ended. “Was this to be her atonement?” brayed the subtext.
These were ideal conditions for listeners to use an album by pop’s most notorious—and most famous—woman as diary pages, but to at least one interviewer, Madonna bristled at the concept. “People don’t see that you can take some of your experiences from real life and use part of them in your art,” Madonna told Vogue in May 1989. “They try to make everything an absolute truth.” Yet elsewhere, she also noted that Like a Prayer was in part about her taking greater control of her narrative. “My first couple of albums I would say came from the little girl in me, who is interested only in having people like me, in being entertaining and charming and frivolous and sweet,” Madonna told Interview in May 1989. “And this new one is the adult side of me, which is concerned with being brutally honest.”
While Madonna was no shrinking violet during the first chunk of the ’80s—the decade of Madonna wannabes, MTV Video Music Awards-ready wedding dresses, and “controversial” her officially recognized prefix—Like a Prayer does showcase her growth as a pop artist, from the gnarled guitar that opens its title track all the way through its warped-tape closer “Act of Contrition.” She takes more chances lyrically and musically, and while they don’t always work, they do give a glimpse at her restlessness and increased willingness to take musical chances, whether she’s bringing in Prince or letting her voice’s imperfections into songs or taking on heavy, personal-life-adjacent topics.
“Like a Prayer,” with its lyrics of redemption derived from spiritual surrender or some sort of sex act (or a combination of the two) and roof-raising gospel choir, shimmies and saunters, Madonna using its lite-funk building blocks to anchor a giddy sing-along. “Express Yourself” is led by one of Madonna’s most bravado vocals, ready-made for lustily singing along with in a mirror or on a tense solo elevator ride. Though it’s worth noting that the version on Like a Prayer sounds anemic compared to the utterly superior Shep Pettibone single remix, which foregrounds the cowbell and makes the bouncing-ball bassline a go-on-girl counterpoint to Madonna’s message.
“Till Death Do Us Part,” on first blush, comes off like a breakup-themed update of earlier Madonna synth-pop offerings, like True Blue’s “Jimmy Jimmy,” or Like A Virgin’s “Angel.” She sings of feeling bereft over chiming synths and popping guitars—“When you laugh it cuts me just like a knife/I’m not your friend, I’m just your little wife,” she sighs. But the glittery vibes and hopped-up tempo take on a sinister edge in later verses, sounding more glassy-eyed as Madonna’s world-weary alter ego narrates the dissolving love and as the disturbing imagery—fading bruises, growing hate, flying vases—piles up. The final verse, which describes the circular nature of abusive relationships and which punctuates the titular phrase with the sound of shattered-glass, only adds to the song’s despair. Its follow-up “Promise to Try”—a slowly building ballad directed toward a young girl who’s struggling with the death of her mother—is mournful, the loneliness it describes sitting uncomfortably close to the cycle depicted in “Till Death.”
The windswept textures of “Oh Father”—loping pianos, drooping strings—give Madonna’s voice room to move. It swoops and swerves in a childlike voice as she sings of an ambivalent father-daughter relationship. Madonna’s mezzo, which wobbled on low notes and sometimes felt stretched in its upper registers, was often tsk-tsked by her critics, but her vulnerable vocal on “Oh Father” also shows why her music was so beloved; even if she’s singing of characters, as she claimed to Vogue, her gasps and shivers gave voice to the complex dynamic so many children have with their parents—whether biological, by marriage, adoptive, or spiritual.
That was, in part, an outgrowth of Madonna performing in the studio with her backing musicians. “We had every intention of going back and fixing the vocals, but then we’d listen to them and say, ‘Why? They’re fine,’” she told Interview. “They were a lot more emotional and spontaneous when I did them with the musicians… There are weird sounds that your throat makes when you sing: p’s are popped, and s’s are hissed, things like that. Just strange sounds that come out of your throat, and I didn’t fix them. I didn’t see why I should. Because I think those sounds are emotions too.”
The emotions on Like a Prayer aren’t all fraught. “Cherish” is a feather-light declaration of devotion that calls back to Cali-pop outfit the Association while updating Madonna’s earlier exercise in retroism “True Blue”; “Dear Jessie” engages in the reaching toward sounding “Beatles-esque” that was in vogue at the time, pairing fussy strings and tick-tock percussion with images of pink elephants and flying leprechauns. “Love Song,” meanwhile, is a synth-funk chiffon co-written by none other than Prince, one of Madonna’s few pop equals at the time. The two of them feel locked in an erotically charged session of truth or dare, each challenging the other to stretch their voices higher while the drum machines churn. Prince also played, initially uncredited, on “Like a Prayer,” the sauntering pop-funk track “Keep It Together,” and the album-closing “Act of Contrition,” a two-minute maelstrom that combines Prince’s guitar heroics, backward-masked bits from the title track, heavy beats, and its title inspiration, the Catholic prayer of… confession.
So maybe Madonna’s protests that Like a Prayer wasn’t autobiographical were a bit of a ruse—or just another way to keep the minds of America’s pop-watchers thinking about her music as she gave them an album where she was less afraid to show her flaws, more willing to try on new personas that had bits of her selves attached. After all, as she told The New York Times in 1989, “What I do is total commercialism, but it’s also art.” Like a Prayer straddles those two ideals with gusto, with even its less satisfying moments adding to the heat given off by the MTV era’s brightest star.
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